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Strenuous Labor: Agnes Geréb and the Home Birth Movement in Hungary, 1977-2010

Prior to 2010, Hungarian law limited the birth experiences of pregnant people. Pregnant people were not able to give birth in their homes and have their birth attended to by a trained midwife throughout this period in Hungary, due to a refusal to issue licenses to independent midwives. In hospitals, the birthing experience was not empowering for many due to medicalized birthing practices, which additionally endangered the person giving birth and their baby. Childbirth was under bureaucratic control which prevented a pregnant person their full autonomy when giving birth, and midwives such as Agnes Geréb were assisting home births illegally.