Browse Exhibits (15 total)

Sit-In's: Let Freedom Ring

On February 1, 1960, four students from North Carolina A&T walked into Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina and did what was at that time, unthinkable; they sat down at a "whites only" lunch counter as an act of peacefully protest. This act sparked a nation wide copy cat protests which eventually led to the desegregation of spaces throughout the South. These succesful protests led to copy cat sit-in's and marches all accross America. One of the most notable sit-in's happened in CLeveland, Ohio where parents, educators, and local leaders staged a sit-in protest at the headquarters of the Cleveland School district building in downtown Cleveland.

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Take a Walk: CND March to Aldermaston, 1958

The traditional order of gendered roles and gendered space were thrown for a loop in 1958 In England, when women and men of all ages took to the streets for the First March to Aldermaston. After the United Stated dropped the first nuclear bombs in 1945 and World War II had ended, many men came home, and women were expected to go back into the home. However, when mutually assured destruction became a threat to everyday life, and the government of the United kingdom placed the main Atomic Weapons Establishment in the small town of Aldermaston, people did not take too kindly to that-- death does not discriminate based on gender. The First March to Aldermaston was a pivotal moment for women in Great Britain. It can be seen as one of the first times, post World War II, that women take up a very political issue and get involved in protests. Even the route shows the politics of gender, by taking a very public protest from a seemingly public and traditionally masculine space to a more private and traditionally feminine space; thus thrusting what was once private into a very public and political sphere.

This exhibit details the importance of space and gender in the first year of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament's Aldermaston Marches. Aldermaston was the selected location of the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE). On Easter weekend 1958, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) organized a march from Trafalgar Square in London to the Atomic Weapons Establishment in Aldermaston. Along the way protestors would stay in church halls, while they were marching or even momentarily resting their feet they would chant and sing protest songs about the dangers of nuclear war and the importance of life.2 In a study done in 1977-1978, "of 403 respondents, 65% were male and 35% female. They were predominantly middle class; 51% were aged 45 or less, and 49% were 46 or more," around 50% of which had begun to support the CND in

1958.3


[1]British Movietone. THE MARCH TO ALDERMASTON. Accessed October 19, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Gz5AYR940M.

[2] Colin Irwin,Aldermaston: The Birth of the British Protest Song,The Observer, August 9, 2008, sec. Music.
[3] Richard Taylor and Colin Pritchard, The Protest Makers: The British Nuclear Disarmament Movement of 1958-1965, Twenty Years On, (New York: Pergamon Press, 1980), 22, 150. 

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The Rosenstrasse Protest

In February of 1943, the final round-up of Jewish Citizens occured. on February 28th, 5,000 Jewish citizens were rounded up , and of these 5,000, 2,000 were placed into Rosenstrasse 2-4, a local Jewish welfare center. These Jews were the husbands, wives, and children in intermarriages to 'Aryan' Germans. Their husbands up and vanished, the wives of these men soon began to stand outisde of Rosenstrasse in what became a week long protest aimed at their husbands release. This presentation follows the social impact and success of this protest, and the implications that follow these type of stories.

The Square

By Te'ier Langford

The Tahrir Square protest was a monumental movement which began in January 2011. This protest was an important contribution to the Arab Spring because it was one of the biggest protests in history and within that wave of movements. It persisted for eighteen days and was a powerful demonstration to rebel against their former president, Hosni Mubarak. Amongst the thirty to fourty millions of protesters, they demanded political change, economic renewal, and democracy throughout Egypt. These activists occupied the space from Tahrir Square to Cairo, Egypt, which is very extensive when taking a glance at a map. The activists and other protesters fought back by expressing themselves through banners, songs, videos, interviews, and by other uses of the media as well. Many women came to Tahrir Square to call out injustice against women and the press for equality. However, not everyone in Tahrir Square was there for the right reasons. (1) On January 25, 2011, a riot broke out and over eighty women were sexually assault throughout the chaos. In fact, many women have report instances of sexual assault and abuse in Tahrir Square, but nothing was put into effect to stop the increasing number of victims. The call for change turned into tragedy and the protester who came to the Square to fight for equality were set back once again.

Overview

Speces occupied:

  • Tahrir Square, Tunisia, Egypt, Cairo

Expression:

  • Graffiti, art, songs, social media, self- immolation, videos, interviews

Participants: 30 to 40 million

Politics: On January 25th, nineteen women were raped during the riot of the Tahrir Square protest; One of the vicims were brutally stabbed in the vagina. Every year that there is a protest in Tahrir Square, there is a sexual assault reported. However, there are not systems put in place to protect them or defend them in a court of law. 

(1) Morgan, Marwa. "Public Sexual Assault: Why Don’t People Intervene?" Daily News Egypt. June 17, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2017. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/17/public-sexual-assault-dont-people-intervene/.

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Women Strike for Peace

by Cheyenne Florence

In 1961, fifty thousand women across the United States protested against nuclear war. With fifteen hundred of them led by Dagmar Wilson in Washington D.C., they stood at the foot of the Washington Monument (1).  From that moment forward, the Women Strike for Peace Movement would continue to use their influence to fight for peace. In 1962, the House of  Un-American Activities Committee subpoenaed some of these women to appear in front of the committee (2). These women utilized their role of mothers as a way to demonstrate that the protection of the family was not in the interest of the institutions supporting the Cold War. While the protest moment that occurred at the creation of the WSP was the largest in terms of bodies actively protesting, the women involved in the Women Strike for Peace continued to work towards Peace through the end of the twentieth century. The Women Strike for Peace movement was not only an outcry against nuclear war, but a rejection of the inherent patriarchal and masculine influence of violence and war that permeated all aspects of American life.

1. Elaine Woo, "Dagmar Wilson dies at 94; organizer of women's disarmament protesters," Los Angeles Times, January 30, 2011, , accessed November 5, 2017, http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jan/30/local/la-me-dagmar-wilson-20110130.
2. Amy Swerdlow, "Ladies' Day at the Capitol: Women Strike for Peace versus HUAC," Feminist Studies 8, no. 3 (1982): 493-520. doi:10.2307/3177709.