Browse Exhibits (15 total)

Bloody Sunday

Derry Story Map.png

This exhibit analyzes what happened on Bloody Sunday, and it investigates the impact of this day on the Troubles in Northern Ireland, 1968-1998. After this day, the violence increased across Northern Ireland, the Irish Republican Army membership grew, the tensions between the Irish and British escalated and the British government had direct rule of Northern Ireland after the Stormont government collapsed. It will also look at the debate that existed about the actions between both sides of the conflict, the marchers and the British Parachute Regiment. In addition, this exhibit analyzes the negative treatment Bernadette Devlin received from the press and her critics due to her gender.


Spaces Occupied:

-the Creggan area and William and Rossville Streets of Derry, Northern Ireland[1] 


-civil rights march on January 30, 1972


-10,000-30,000 nationalist protestors, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) and British Parachute Regiment[2] 


-the nationalists and NICRA protested internment, the act of arresting and detaining suspected members of illegal paramilitary groups without a trial[3]

[1] BBC, "Bloody Sunday in maps," BBC News, last modified March 17, 2010,

[2] Don Mullan, Bloody Sunday: Massacre in Northern Ireland-The Eyewitness Accounts (Niwot: Robert Rinehart Publishers, 1997), 18 and Cochrane, Northern Ireland: The Reluctant Peace, 62.

[3] Feargal Cochrane, Northern Ireland: The Reluctant Peace (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013), 59.


Collapse of the Berlin Wall

A digital-humanities exhibit examining collapse of the Berlin Wall through primary resources, the social sciences, and historical thinking.

In five parts, the space place and time of East Berlin in the German Democratic Republic are explored to find the connection between protest, the Berlin Wall, and conception of the Berlin Wall's collapse today.

Curated, Robert J. Stidham 

Four Dead in Ohio: An Analysis of Space

The May 4th demonstrations at Kent State University were first and foremost a reflection of space, and the occupation of that space by both protestors and National Guard members. The demonstration unofficially began on Friday, May 1st in the Commons, located near Taylor Hall and Blanket Hill. For those unfamiliar with the Kent State campus, there is also a victory bell located at the edge of the field near Taylor Hall, which was where the initial demonstration and the symbolic burial of a copy of the U.S. Constitution took place. Moving on to Saturday, May 2nd, the ROTC building on campus was set on fire. This building was located very near to the commons, and was thus an extension of the occupation of the space. The protests began to really swell on Sunday, May 3 with the arrival of Governor Rhodes. During the day, there were few gatherings, however, as night fell, groups of protestors and demonstrators began to occupy not just the commons, but in fact, began to cover almost the entire campus. Then, of course, were the events of May 4th itself, which took place mostly in the commons and in front of Taylor Hall.

Hough Riots

The Hough Riots of 1966 was a six day event (July 18-23) that occurred due to a national pattern of high racial tension and frustration between Whites and African Americans. The high rates of tension produced violence throughout the country and the outcomes were similar to the Hough Riots. At the 79’ers Café on Hough Avenue an African American customer asked for a glass of water and the owner refused to do so. The owner then proceeded to post a sign in the window indicating “No water for Niggers". This particular dispute is what sparked the riots on July 18th, 2017 starting from a rock being thrown in the window leading to looting, arson, and shooting. It escalated so quickly that even the police were unable to diffuse the situation.

On July 20th, the National Guard was requested to move into Hough by Mayor Ralph Locher, with intentions of diffusion and restoration. It took a few days for things to die down due to the fact that a large fire broke out at Cedar and East 106 Street on the 21st of July. By the next week (7/25) things began to die down and so did the neighborhood a little since then. There was no evidence that the riot was planned. records indicate that during these riots 4 people were killed, 30were injured and 300 were reported arrested. The racial tension between Whites and African Americans was a widespread throughput the country in the sixties.

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Love & Rage: The Gendering of Peaceful & Violent Protest in Seattle, 1999

When the Cold War came to an end at the beginning of the last decade of the 20th Century, many thought a new era of peace and prosperity would reign over human history. Instead, a rapidly globalizing world dominated by free markets and interconnectedness shook people as much as the exponential speed at which technology was advancing. In this chaos of never before explored capabilities, both governments and common people attempted to make sense of their positions. While governments organized themselves into international bodies in order to better negotiate trade regulations as a means to streamline the process of globalization, many workers and individuals found themselves feeling marginalized, oppressed, or otherwise swallowed by the ever confusing new order of globalized free market capitalism¹. Trade agreements like NAFTA opened up new opportunities for corporations to expand profits, but left workers feeling threatened as jobs could now flow freely beyond borders. One important organization central to these new policies is the World Trade Organization. Formed in 1995 to replace outdated international commerce organizations, the WTO serves as a body in which trade policies can be discussed, debated, and resolved between delegates sent by most major nation states of the world². After negotiations fell through earlier that year, a ministerial conference was called on November 30th, 1999 that set off a series of protests that forever changed protest in the United States, as well as solidified the Anti-Globalization movement as a whole³. Through a variety of tactics both peaceful and violent, all while utilizing the powers of, and experiencing the drawbacks to anonymity and transparency, anti-globalization protesters achieved particular goals, while causing potentially detrimental consequences to the public opinion of protest in the United States.

¹ - Notes From Nowhere. We are everywhere the irresistible rise of global anticapitalism. Londres: Verso, 2003. pg 16

² - Cockburn, Alexander, and Jeffrey St. Clair. Five days that shook the world: seattle and beyond. London: Verso, 2001. pg 6

³ - Ibid, pg 9

Musical Dissent: Soviet Bards and the All-Russia Bard Festival of 1968

Music became a big part of dissent in the Soviet Union.  Soviet Bards were at the center of musical dissent and at the forefront of a movement of self-published and self-distributed music.  This method known as samizdat, or magnitizdat for recordings, became the central tool for bards to distribute their music.  Many Bards found it difficult to distribute their music through the big state-run record company Melodia and were often times spread through hand written song books and bootleg cassette tapes.  Large Bard festivals and concerts did occur, but were uncommon.  Many were helf outside of the large cities in a type of nowhere space, but being able to perform the songs in public was a victory in itself.    

New Culture Ideals, Chinese Women, and the May 4th Incident

The May 4th Incident of 1919 can be viewed as a culmination of enthusiasm for the ideals presented in the New Culture Movement, discontent with the fractured nature of Chinese governance, and the unique geopolitical context in the aftermath of the first world war1. The protest itself was initiated by over 3000 Beijing students upset with the terms provided to the Chinese delegation at the Versailles conference, who then took to the streets for a protest that eventually ended with the burning of several government offices and numerous arrests2. In the eyes of many Chinese, these students had simply been acting on a discontent that permeated throughout China in the 1910's, and in this context, strikes and protests spread throughout China in solidarity with the student's actions. The importance of the May 4th incident can be analyzed by a look at the values of the New Culture Movement which inspired many of the student protestors, which included a critique of the gender order in China3.

1 Zarrow, Peter. China in war and revolution, 1895 - 1949. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007. 150

2 Gray, Jack. Rebellions and revolutions: China from the 1800s to the 2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. 198-199

3 Koetse, Manya. " Gendered Nationalism and May Fourth: China’s ‘New Woman’ ." Manya Koetse (web log), December 08, 2012. Accessed September 21, 2017. para 19-20

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Platforms in Sports

Sports have been a way for people to have some type of release from their everyday lives. Most people around the world watch some tyoe of sport whether that be football, American football, basketball, etc. With some sports viewer ratings going above 1 million the athletes have many eyes watching them in their given game. This viewership creates a platform for them to express themselves however they deem fit. In my case I am focusing on the atheletes and fans who have chosen to use that platform to advance a certain social narrative. 

Social injustice is a topic that sparks a lot of discourse between many different types of people. Throughout history professional athletes have used their platform to push forward these social topics with which they believe. An example that is highlighted in my exhibit is the protest of racial injustices by Tommie Smith and John Carlos during the 1968 Summer Olympics. This shows how different protests can morph throughout time. Colin Kaepernick and his anthem protest is just one of the athletes that took the grounwork previously laid by Smith and Carlos.Kaepernick took a knee to raise awareness for police brutality toward African Americans. His example shows how an athlete taking a stand for what he/she seems fit to protest can change depending on the way someone else defines the original reason for the protest. 

Protest Music at the March on Washington (1963)

On August 28, 1963 the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was held on the National Mall in Washington D.C., beginning at the Washington Monument and ending in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Some notable musical activists, such as Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Odetta, the Freedom Singers, and Peter, Paul, and Mary, led the marchers in song. Together, with the 250,000 participants, they marched and sang protest songs, unified in their cause for civil rights. Songs such as "We Shall Overcome", which originated as an African-American Hymn and was adopted into the civil rights movement,[1] were used to create solidarity between the marchers as well as reinforcing the values of the cause to those who were not already aligned with the movement.[2] This exhibit explores the intersections of gender and race amongst protest musicians of the period and the ways in which the music preserved and promoted unity amongst the oppressed.

[1] Brown, ““We’ll Walk Hand in Hand Someday” – Music and the March on Washington | In The Muse.”

[2] Dunaway, “Music and Politics in the United States.”

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Set in Stone?: Controversial Monuments and Protest

On August 12th, 2017, in Charlottesville, Virginia two groups of protestors faced off over the removal of a Confederate statue. During these protests, a woman was killed when one of the Confederate supporters hit her with a vehicle. The United States is facing a dilemma of what to do with Confederate statues across the country.[1] Some see saving Confederate monuments as an opportunity to honor the past and buttress white supremacy. Another group sees the statues as memorials that glorify a racist social order in the past and the present. Finally, a third, less active, group that ideologically agrees to some extent with the previous group, but believes that the statues should stay in their place as an important marker of history. These groups disagree with each other and they have taken to the streets in conflict over their differences. The conflict and arguments between these sides are long running and unlikely to be resolved easily. However, the United States is not the only place to face issues over controversial monuments. All over the world, legacies of oppression and colonialism have left their mark that the current citizens of nations must address. In nations ranging from Estonia to Korea and South Africa to Russia, people have dealt with these memories in a variety of ways. In this work, I examine other nations and monuments not associated with the Confederates and their approaches to controversial monuments. Those approaches and debates are compared to the current methods being taken in the United States. The goal is that something is learned from other examples. Every nation and people are different and their histories are different. This means that other approaches cannot be wholly duplicated in another context, but the situations are similar enough that lessons can be taken from other experiences.

[1] Unknown. “Confederate Monuments Are Coming Down Across the United States. Here’s a List.” New York Times, August 28th, 2017.